Bone Marrow Transplant Procedure in India

Bone marrow is an essential matter in our body which helps to produce the blood cells line white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. Bone marrow therapy is a special kind of therapy which is made for the patients who are suffering from some specific disease or cancer. The main purpose of this procedure is the replacement of the damaged bone marrow by the healthy bone marrow.

Reasons for making bone marrow transplant

The bone marrow transplant is performed for many reasons and here is listed some general reason for making bone marrow transplant.

  • Sometimes, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are made for the treatment of cancer, then the bone marrow of the patient gets damaged and as a solution to this problem, the bone marrow transplant is performed.
  • When patients suffer from genetic diseases which affect the organs as well as the bone marrow, the bone marrow transplant is made.
  • When bone marrows or stem cells of the patient are defective or abnormal, these can be replaced by the bone marrow transplant.

The procedure of bone marrow transplant

The procedure of the bone marrow transplant can be made in a different way according to the ability of the patients for tolerance of specific medication, type of diseases for which bone marrow transplant is made. Here is given some steps which are included with the procedure of the Bone Marrow Transplant in India treatment.

  • Powerful chemotherapy or radiation therapy is made before making the bone marrow transplant. This is essential for the treatment of certain disease and making sufficient space inside the bone marrow for developing the new cells. This therapy is named as myeloablative or ablative which affects the bone marrow. When myeloablative cannot produce blood cells, the new stems need an empty bone marrow where these cells can grow and are able to produce new blood cells.
  • After making powerful chemotherapy or radiotherapy, the bone marrow transplant is made by a central venous catheter which is not a surgical process. As a result of this, the stem cells begin to produce healthy blood cells.
  • It is essential to prevent complications, side effects, and infections after making the bone marrow transplant. Some supportive care can be taken as the solution of these problems, like the cleaning of the environment, strictly measuring of input and output fluid, frequently making blood test and monitoring of specific signs.

Future of Haematology

Haematology is considered a very nascent subject in our country and the future is very bright. Today, there are so many hospitals in India where the patients will be able to go for the treatment. It is expected that cellular therapy can be made for the treatment of the haematological malignancy. There is another expectation about the gene therapy. The research is going on gene therapy which can be able to add on to the armamentarium of the bone marrow transplant. As a result of this, the doctors will be able to offer a cure to most of the patient who will come to them for the Bone Marrow Transplant in India treatment.

Conclusion

The research work is going on for the development of the treatment of bone marrow transplant. Many hospitals are available where the patients can get quality treatment.